Connecting to your router using a wired connection is frequently more reliable and provides more constant speeds than connecting through a Wi-Fi (wireless) connection.
Tethering your PC to a router is a straightforward process. Briefly stated, all you need to do is connect an Ethernet connection between your router and the Ethernet port on your computer. In the following steps, we’ll walk you through the process of setting up your equipment completely, as well as explain why a wired connection is preferable for some applications.
How do I connect my router to my computer?
There are wired and wireless connections available for connecting computers to routers, depending on the model of the router.
However, thin-and-light laptops such as the MacBook Air, which are designed for wireless communication, may not contain an Ethernet port for wired access. In that situation, you’ll need a USB adaptor to complete your task.
Desktop computers are always equipped with one Ethernet port, and in some cases, two, in setups intended for gaming and workstations. Because of Wi-Fi 5, Wi-Fi is now more popular in desktop computers than it has been in recent years.
If you’re connecting a computer to a router for the first time via an Ethernet cable, you should have all of the cables you need. Typically, manufacturers will include at least one of these cables with the router; nevertheless, double-check that you have all of the cables indicated on the components list for your particular equipment. If your router did not come with an Ethernet cable, we have compiled a list of the finest options for you.
The following are the procedures to follow in order to connect your router to your computer: 1.
Part 1: Establish a connection between your router and your modem
Part 2: Establish a connection between your computer and the router
Part 1: Connect your router to the modem
It’s likely that you’ve previously accomplished this step. However, if you are configuring your router for the first time, you will require this connection before you can tether your computer to the router.
If you have a modem that is stand-alone,
An Ethernet cable should be used to connect your router to your modem. When it comes to Ethernet ports, most routers have many them, but one is explicitly branded “Internet” or “WAN” (wide area network), which is used for connecting directly to the modem. It is usually distinguished by a distinct colour from the other Ethernet ports. Check to see that the Ethernet connection from the modem is connected to the correct Ethernet port on your router before proceeding.
If you have a wireless gateway (a router/modem combo), you can use it to connect to the Internet.
Make certain that the wireless gateway for the internet connection that enters your home is appropriately protected. The type of connection you use is determined by the internet connection you have.
For example, cable internet is delivered to your home by a coaxial cable, whereas connecting to DSL requires you to connect your modem to a filter, which is then plugged into any phone outlet in your home or business. More information about the different types of cables may be found below.
Part 2: Connect your computer to the router
It’s time to connect your computer to your router now that your router has been connected to your modem.
The first step is to connect one end of an Ethernet cable to an available Ethernet port on your computer. Alternatively, if your computer does not have an Ethernet port, a USB adaptor will be required. Here are two illustrations:
USB Type-C to Gigabit Ethernet
USB-A to Gigabit Ethernet Converter
Second, connect the other end of the wire to one of the router’s grouped Ethernet ports. Third, turn on the router. These are commonly referred to as “LANs” (local area networks), “LAN1,” “LAN2,” and so on.
Microsoft Windows and Apple MacOS should automatically connect to the local network without the need for any additional logins or passwords. If this does not occur, restart the computer so that your router can provide it with a functional private IP address. While your Ethernet connection and your computer’s Wi-Fi connection share the same private IP address, your Ethernet connection does not.
Cables you’ll need to connect
When it comes to computer networking, Ethernet cables are the most commonly utilised form of cable. However, depending on the type of internet connection you have, you may have to deal with a variety of other types of problems as well. There are also numerous sorts of Ethernet cables, therefore it’s beneficial to be familiar with the terminology.
Ethernet cables are used to link devices such as PCs, game consoles, streaming boxes, and other electronic devices to a local network. A connection on either end that looks like a phone jack but is wider is used to link the two pieces of equipment together. The cable itself is thicker than a telephone cable and contains four twisted pairs of insulated copper wires, which are more than twice as thick as a telephone cable.
RJ45 cables, which are commonly known as Ethernet cables, are also available. Registration jack (abbreviated “RJ”) refers to a sort of interface that links a computer or other piece of equipment to a telecommunications network. It was the 45th interface to be registered with the Federal Communications Commission, as shown by the number (FCC). Ethernet cables are equipped with an eight-position, eight-contact (8P8C) connection.
Telephone cables are used to connect a phone to a traditional landline. If you have dial-up internet or DSL, phone jacks are still quite widespread in most American homes, but you are unlikely to utilize them or the cable unless you have a phone line.
Telephone cables can comprise as many as 12 twisted wire pairs of copper wire that has been plastic-coated. They make use of the smaller RJ11 connector, which can accommodate up to six pins.
Keep in mind that the connector on a telephone cable is smaller than the connector on an Ethernet cable. If you have the correct cable that appears to fit into the jack before you plug it in, you will not have any problems. If you do not have the correct cable that appears to fit into the jack, you will have problems.
More info on Ethernet cables than you probably need
However, although Ethernet is the most common type of network connection, there are seven different “generations” of cable that you can come across.
Category 5 (CAT5), Category 5e (CAT5e), and Category 6 (CAT6) Ethernet cables are the most commonly used nowadays. CAT5 cables have a maximum speed of 100 Mbps, whilst CAT5a cables have a maximum speed of 1,000 Mbps. When CAT6 was developed, it included shielding to prevent interference, and CAT6a increased the maximum speed to 10,000 Mbps.
CAT7 cables are the most recent generation, capable of transmitting data at speeds of up to 100,000 Mbps at distances of up to 49 feet. The most recent type, CAT8, can transmit data at speeds of up to 40,000 Mbps across a distance of 131 feet.
When purchasing a new cable, it is simple to select the appropriate model. But when you’re just pulling cables out of a tangle in your closet, it’s more difficult to assess if they’re fit for the job.
Fortunately, cables typically have their information printed directly on the sheath, including the manufacturer, bandwidth, certifications, and other pertinent information. Find the words “CAT5” or “CAT6” on the cable to determine what kind of cable it is and how much it costs. If you’re in question, you may always replace an old cable with a new, more trustworthy one, which is a pretty inexpensive option.
Finally, special “crossover” Ethernet cables can be used to connect two computers directly together, bypassing the need for a router. These cables contain pins that are reversed on one side and are not usually found in a household environment. If you try to use these in place of a regular straight-through Ethernet cable, they will not function properly.